In the 19th century, Realism in France is often mistaken as literary movement because they felt that it laid too much truth specially on external reality. Meanwhile, America needed a type of literature that would explain what was happening to their society. American writers then turned to what is termed as modernism. The influence of realism and naturalismin the 19th century and their truthful illustration of American life and people was shown in post World War I modernism.
Explain the effects widespread individual alienation had on the development of Realism as a literary movement. What factors brought about this sense of alienation? How did Realist authors seek to portray this sense of alienation in their works?